Mayan God and Drive Letter Icons

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The table below shows Mayan icons suitable for use as Drive Letter Icons in Windows 95/98/NT/2K/XP. These may be changed from the standard icons used by using any of several programs, including More Properties 2.02 (the author has dropped off the net), DropFolder Pro, Madonote (was Winback Scratcher), MicroAngelo OnDisplay and Tweakui.  I use a combination of Madonote, OnDisplay and Tweakui.  OnDisplay makes for the easiest changing of icons for drives, Madonote lets me change more other stuff than any alternate program, and Tweakui lets me change a few oddball items that nothing else offers (such as X-mouse behaviour).

Hovering your mouse over most of the large heading letters will show links to larger images in the Mayan God List table on which the glyphs were based.

God A
God A (T)
Glyph A10
Glyph A, 10 (M)
Glyph A9
Glyph A, 9 (M)
Glyph A9
Glyph A & 9 (M)
Glyph A
Glyph A (M,T)
God B
God B (T)
God B
God B (G)
Glyph B
Glyph B
God C God C
God C (T,G)
Glyph C1 Glyph C2
Glyph C1, C2 (M)
Glyph C3 Glyph C4
Glyph C3, C4 (M)
Glyph C5 Glyph C6
Glyph C5, C6 (M)
Glyph C God C
Glyph C,
God C (T)
God D
God D (T)
God D
Patron, God D (T)
Glyph D
Glyph D (M)
God E
God E (T)
God E
God E (T)
God E
God E (G)
Glyph E
Glyph E
God F
God F (T)
God F
God F (G)
Glyph F
Glyph F
God F
God F (G)
God G
God G (T)
God G
God G (T)
Glyph G1 Glyph G2
Glyph G1, G2 (T)
Glyph G3 Glyph G4
Glyph G3, G4 (T)
Glyph G5 Glyph G6
Glyph G5, G6 (T)
Glyph G7 Glyph G8
Glyph G7, G8 (T)
Glyph G9 Glyph G3 combined with Glyph F
Glyph G9, G3F (T)
God H
God H (T)
God I
God I (T)
God I
God I (T)
God CH
God CH (T)
Jaguar
Jaguar Patron (T)
God K
God K (T)
God L
God L (T)
God L
God L (T)
God M
God M (T)
God N
God N (G)
God N
God N (T)
God N
God N (T)
God N (Shell)
God N
(Shell) (G)
God O
God O (T)
God O
God O (T)
God P
God P (D)
God P
God N (T)
Frog
Patron, Frog (T)
God Q
God Q (T)
God Q
God Q (T)
God R
God R (T)
God R
God R (T)
T  
God S
God S (T)
Tun Tun
Tun
Tun (T,G)
Underground Jaguar
Patron,
Underground
Jaguar (T)
Venus
Venus,
War God (T)
Winal
Uinal
(Winal) (T)
Glyph X1 Glyph X2
Glyph X1, X2 (M,T)
Glyph X3 Glyph X4
Glyph X3, X4 (M,T)
Glyph X4A Glyph X5
Glyph X4a, X5 (M,T)
Glyph X6 Glyph X6a
Glyph X6, X6a (M,T)
Xoc
Xoc Patron (T)
Glyph Y
Glyph Y (T)
Young Moon Goddess
Young Moon
Goddess (T)
God Z
God Z (G)
Glyph Z*
Glyph Z (T)
 
Note(T) = After Thompson; un-attributed glyphs also after Thompson
Note(G) = After Gates
Note(D) = After Davoust
Note(M) = After Morley

To report bugs in Teach Yourself Python in 24 Hours, visit the Bug Report to the Gods page.

The table below lists the Mayan gods in alphabetical order, along with their names and glyphs where known.

God A, Kizin God A, Kizin God A, Kizin God A, Kizin
God A, Kizin God A, Kizin
God A, Kizin
Ah Kizin
God A, Kizin
Ah Kizin
? Ma
? Ma
Kizin
Kizin
Ah Kamal
Ah Kamal
U Muk
U Muk
  • The Death god; in the Madrid Codex, he is named as “Cizin” (“Kisin” or “Kizin” in the new orthography), meaning “The flatulent one.”
A2
A3
A4
A3
A3
A4
A4
A2
A2
Ah Chah
Ah Chah
Ox Halan or Ox Ch’oc An
Ox Halan or Ox Ch’oc An
Kan Hanal
Kan Hanal
  • Another Death god who seems to be the god of death by violent causes, such as decapitation.  Was God
God B, Chak God B, Chak God B, Chak God B, Chak
God B, Chak God B, Chak God B, Chak
Chak
Chak
Kumk’u Chak
Kumk’u Chak
Ayan
Ayan
unknown
?
Chak
Chak
Ti Kan Chak
Ti-Kan Chak
Pek Kul Ti Chak
Pek-Kul-Ti Chak
Chahak
Chahak

  • Chak, the god of rain and lightning; there were at least four distinct aspects or parts, like the pawahtuns.
God C God C God C
Xa-Man
Xa-Man
Xa-Man
Xa-Man
Ma-N(a)
Ma-N(a)
Kul
Kul
Kumk’u
Kumk’u
  • More a personification of the concept of sacredness or holiness than a specific god; one could say that he is the god of godness.
God CH, Yax Balam God CH, Yax Balam God CH, Yax Balam
Hun Ahaw
Hun Ahaw
Yax Balam
Yax Balam
Yax Balam
Yax Balam
Hun Ahaw
Hun Ahaw
Hun Ahaw
Hun Ahaw
Yax Balam
Yax Balam
Yax Balam
Yax Balam
  • Yax Balam, one of the Hero Twins. Schellhas originally conflated this god and , Sak Kan.  I’ve used the glyph for god for the drive letter J.  Davoust says that god CH represents both Yax Balam and Hun Ahaw, the Hero Twins.
God D, Itzamna God D, Itzamna God D, Itzamna God D, Itzamna
God D, Itzamna
Itzamna
Itzamna
Ah Nikil
Ah Nikil
  • Itzamna, an aged creator god.
God E, The Maize God God E, The Maize God God E, The Maize God God E, The Maize God
Ah Nal
Ah Nal
Waxak Nal
Waxak Nal
Ah Nal
Ah Nal
Ox Ok Wah
Ox Ok Wah
Ch’a Ha’ Wah
Ch’a Ha’ Wah
  • The maize god, certainly one of the most important of all the Mayan gods.  Has at least two aspects, the “Foliated” and the “Tonsured” Maize gods.
God F God F
  • Initially distinguished by Schellhas, this god has been separated into several other gods:  or A2, A3, and .  Despite the non-existence of god F, his glyph is still useful for drive letters ;-).
God G, Sun God God G, Sun God
Ahaw Kin
Ahaw Kin
Kin
Kin
Ahaw Kin
Ahaw Kin
  • The sun god, K’inich Ahaw.
God H, Sak Kan God H, Sak Kan God H, Sak Kan
Wak Kan
Wak Kan
Kuk Kan
Kuk Kan
Ox Kuk Kan
Ox Kuk Kan
Sak Kan
Sak Kan
  • Here, Schellhas conflated two gods, H and what is now termed ; H is a youthful god who might be a wind god.  Read as Sak Kan.
Goddess I Goddess I Goddess I
Hunac
Hunac
Zak Na’
Zak Na’
Na Uh
Na Uh
  • Again, Schellhas conflated two goddesses, I and ; I is a youthful goddess who may be a goddess of fertility and love.
God K, K’awil God K, K’awil
K’awil
K’awil
K’awil
K’awil
Hoka K’awil
Hoka K’awil
  • K’awil, or the mannikin scepter god, and/or Bolon Tz’akab, a god of lightning, fire and dynastic descent.
God L God L God L
Nab Ha’
Nab Ha’
  • God L appears to have been the merchant god during the classic era, and to have been an important creator god.  The merchant god during the Post-Classic and contact eras appears to have been .
God N God N God N
Ut
Ut
  • The merchant god Ek Chuwah, who became the primary merchant god during the Post-Classic instead of the earlier .
.
God N God N God N
God N God N God N
rollout photo copyright © Justin Kerr (K6290), from The Maya Vase Book, Volume 6 p. 955
Portion of rollout photo copyright © Justin Kerr (K6290), from The Maya Vase Book, Volume 6 p. 955
Ho’ Pawahtun
Ho’ Pawahtun
Ho’ Pawahtun
Ho’ Pawahtun
Kan Pawahtun
Kan Pawahtun
Pawah Hub
Pawah Hub
Pawah Mak
Pawah Mak
  • In the codices and on the lovely ceramic pots, N is often shown wearing a turtle shell, and sometimes a conch shell; this version may be distinct from the pawahtuns, the quadripartite gods who held up the sky, although both versions are still referred to as N.  He is, on the ceramics, very often portrayed as a drunk and a lecher; perhaps this explains why appeasing this god was so important.
Goddess O, Chak Chel Goddess O, Chak Chel Goddess O, Chak Chel
Goddess O, Chak Chel Goddess O, Chak Chel Goddess O, Chak Chel
Sak Chel
Sak Chel
Chel
Chel
Chel
Chel
Chak Chel
Chak Chel
Chak Chel
Chak Chel
Chak Chel
Chak Chel
  • The aged Goddess O is very often shown having jaguar claws instead of hands; she was fierce, and wore serpents in her headdress.  Her name glyphs read Chak Chel or Sak Chel.  Shown many times emptying water from a jar.
God P, Kuk Kan God P, Kuk Kan God P, Kuk Kan
Kuk Kan
Kuk Kan
Kuk Kan
Kuk Kan
Kuk Kan
  • P only appears in the Madrid, and Schellhas called him a frog god; however, he might not be a distinct god at all, only a variant of .  I generally use a version of the god N glyph for a drive letter, but Kuk Kan is the correct name glyph.  Taube (1992) says that his drawing of God P, in the center (used with permission), is Kukulcan, or Nahuat Ehacatl Quetzalcoatl, and is an aspect of God .  Tedlock (1996) says that the drawing is of the “Sovereign Plumed Serpent,” which is consistent with the Quetzalcoatl interpretation and the Kuk Kan reading of the name glyph.
God Q God Q God Q
Buluk P’en
Buluk P’en
  • Originally sunk in , this god appears in the Madrid and the Dresden.  Davoust refers to him as the god of sacrifices.
God R God R God R
Buluk Ch’abtan
Buluk Ch’abtan
  • God R may have something to do with floods, and appears in both the Dresden and the Madrid.
God S God S God S
God S God S
  • Shown in the Dresden, this god may be one of the Hero Twins, Hun Ahaw, or perhaps Hun Nik.
God U
Noh Yum/Kelem
Noh Yum/Kelem
  • Shown in the Dresden, page 20b, in Almanacs 8 and 43, and identified by Zimmerman, but not described by Taube.  Forstemann related God U to God K.
Venus God 1 Venus God 2 Venus God 3
Nab Ha’
Nab Ha’
Lahun Chan
Lahun Chan
Tawiz Chal
Tawiz Kal
Chak Xiwtei
Chak Xiwtei
Kaktunal
Kaktunal
  • Gods associated with Venus events in the Dresden, pages 46b-50b.
God W
  • Dresden, page 44c.  No name glyph known.
God X
  • Dresden, page 37a.  No name glyph known.
God Y, Uuk Zip
Uuk Zip
Uuk Zip
  • A deer god, found on page 13c of the Dresden; probably read as Uuk Zip.
God Z God Z
  • A scorpion god (note the tail); possibly read as Ah Tzul (dog?).  Shown in the Madrid on page 80a.  No name glyph known.
Note
Animal Aa Animal Bb Animal Cc
Animal Dd Animal Ee Animal Ff
  • Various mythological animals listed by Schellhas; there would be considerably more if critters like the Sky Monster and the Earth Monster were also listed.  Taube (1992) describes (b) as a “Chac serpent with the headdress of Classic numeral thirteen head variant, entity named as god in accompanying text, Dresden page 35b,” but it looks a lot like a Chak to me (see god ).  (e) is the waterlily jaguar.

Here are the GI-GVII glyphs as seen in Schele’s work on Palenque; GI-GIII are usually known as the Palenque Triad.

 GI  GII  GIII GIV GV GVI GVII
GI GI
GI
GI
GII GII
GII
GII
GIII GIII
GIII
GIII
GIV GIV
GIV
GIV
GV GV
GV
GV
GVI GVI
GVI
GVI
GVII GVII
GVII
GVII

NoteAnderson, Lloyd, Gods in the Mayan Codices: Their Iconography, Glyphic Names, and Attributes, Ecological Linguistics, 1997.
Note Barnhart, Edwin Lawrence, A Report on the First Twenty Three Pages of the Dresden Codex and Xochicalco: An Ancient Ceremonial Site in the State of Morelos, Mexico, Master’s Thesis, University of Texas at Austin, Maya File 321, 1996.
Note Carrasco, David, Religions of MesoAmerica, Harper & Row, 1990.
Note Coe, Michael and Mark Van Stone, Reading the Maya Glyphs, Second Edition, Thames & Hudson, 2005.
Note Davoust, Michel, L’Écriture Maya: et Son Déchiffrement, CNRS Editions, Paris, 1995.
Note Gates, William, An Outline Dictionary of Maya Glyphs, Dover Publications, Inc., 1978 (First published in 1931).
Note Montgomery, John, How to Read Maya Hieroglyphs , Hippocrene Books, 2004.
Note Morley, Sylvanus G., The Ancient Maya, Stanford University Press, 1946 (Second Edition).
Note Morley, Sylvanus Griswold, An Introduction to the Study of the Maya Hieroglyphs, Dover, 1975 (Republication from 1915).
Note Schele, Linda and Mary Ellen Miller, The Blood of Kings: Dynasty and Ritual in Maya Art, George Brazillier, Inc., New York, 1986.
Note Schellhas, Paul, Representations of Deities in the Maya Manuscripts, Peabody Museum Papers 4:1, 1904.  (Trans. Selma Wesselhoeft and A. M. Parker; includes illustrations.)  Downloaded from Project Gutenberg
Note Taube, Karl Andreas, The Major Gods of Ancient Yucatan, Dumbarton Oaks Studies in Pre-Columbian Art & Archaeology Number Thirty-Two, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington DC, 1992.
Note Taube, Karl and Miller, Mary, The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya, Thames and Hudson, 1993.
Note Tedlock, Dennis, Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings, Revised and Expanded, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1996.
Note Thompson, J. Eric S., Maya Hieroglyphic Writing: An Introduction, Third edition, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 (first edition 1950).
Note Thompson, J. Eric S., Maya History and Religion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.
Note Thompson, J. Eric S., A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs, University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.

All the images below show the “My Computer” folders on various Windows machine.

My Computer Folder, Huch Pib (Windows 95/98)
Windows 98, Huch Pib
My Computer Folder, Ah-Pitzil (Windows NT Server)
Windows NT server, Ah Pitzil
My Computer Folder, Ok-Xe (Windows 2000 Pro)
Windows 2000 Pro, Ok-xe
My Computer Folder, Choklel (Windows NT)
Windows NT4, Choklel
My Computer Folder, Huku-Kul (Windows XP Pro)
Windows XP, Huku K’ul
My Computer Folder, Bak-Way (Windows 98)
Windows 98, Bak-Way

Click on the links below to download your choice of zip distributions.  They contain the drive letter icons A-Z, as shown in the table above.

Bmp -rw-rw-rw- 1 ftpadm ftp 46000 Jan 8 16:34 dlbmp.zip
Cursors -rw-rw-rw- 1 ftpadm ftp 48285 Jan 8 16:34 dlcur.zip
Gif -rw-rw-rw- 1 ftpadm ftp 76831 Jan 8 16:34 dlgif.zip
Icons -rw-rw-rw- 1 ftpadm ftp 48123 Jan 8 16:34 dlico.zip

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